After finding out about the ARROWS project I decided to try get in touch with the researchers working on the project. The response I received introduced me to an Italian project called the THESAURUS project . The acronym is in Italian but it stands for techniques for the exploration of underwater archaeology through the use of autonomous robot swarms. This is the website, note that it is in Italian so, unless you speak Italian, use your browser to translate the page (I recommend Google Chrome).
The project aims to develop technologies to explore underwater archaeological sites. The team requires knowledge in engineering, mathematics, archaeology, cultural heritage preservation and computer science (yes, I could be useful 😀 😀 😀 ).
Here is a video describing the project. They also have an open access database which is currently (Jan 31st 2014) under maintenance. The website is quite detailed, so go have a look and explore the contents. It is quite an exciting project. Happy reading!